We’ve seen two out of three Kanji on student 学生（がくせい） and teacher 先生（せんせい）, now let’s take a look at the one they have in common! 生（なま）.
This is a very important Kanji, it stands for life, birth, genuine, among other meanings. That why when you mix it with former or previous 先, you get teacher, someone one who has lived prior to his students and has skills that they lack. The character in question is used for several verbs indeed, let’s take a look at them.
い・きる い・かす い・ける う・まれる う・まれ う・む お・う は・える は・やす き なま な・る な・す む・す
先 – 1.previous, prior, former. 2. point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle, head (of a line). 3. destination. 4. the first priority, the future, objective, sequel, remainder, the other party
先にフィルターのついた巻きタバコ – A cigarette with a filter tip
彼はここから４先に住んでいる – He lives [his house is] four doors [away, down] from here.
教会の先にある家 – The house past the church
お先にどうぞ、すぐに追いつきますから – Go ahead. I’ll catch up soon
彼女はよく働くが先を読めない – She works hard but lacks vision
先の～: Former, late ～
生きる – to live, to exist. Ichidan verb.
ロビン は 「生きたい！」と 言いました
Robin said ” I want to live!”
生かす- 1. To revive, to resuscitate, to let live. 2 To make use of.
試合で長身を生かす – To use one’s height to advantage in the game
生ける (いける) – to arrange flowers. Ichidan verb.
(writer’s note: as weird as that sounds)
花を生けました – I arranged the flowers
あの男は裏切り者なので生かしておくまい – That man is a traitor and he shall die.
生まれる – to be born. Ichidan verb
生まれた 後 、背中 が 膨らんで かたい 甲羅 が できる
After it’s born its back swells and a hard sell is formed (as seen on zenigame’s pokedex entry).
生む – to give birth, to deliver, to bear, to produce.
彼女は彼との間に３人の子供を生んだ – She has borne him three children
お・う / は・える
生う / 生える – to grow, to spring up, to cut with teeth. Ichidan verb.
歩道の割れ目から生える雑草 – Weeds sprouting from cracks in the sidewalk
生やす – To grow, to cultivate, to wear beard. Godan verb.
ひげを生やす – To grow a beard
生 (き) – prefix: pure, undiluted, raw, crude.
生酒 – Pure undiluted (rice) wine
生 – raw, unprocessed.
生放送 - Live broadcast
生意気 – Impertinent, saucy, audacious, brazen. The name they gave to the Sassy nature in the official English localization of Pokémon
生る (なる) – to bear fruit. Godan verb.
金の生る木はない – There are no trees that grow money.
生す – to bear, to deliver, to give birth. Godan verb.
子を生す – To bear a child
生す – to grow (like moss). Godan verb.
So many possible uses in verbs!, but here it is, life. A Kanji you can’t live without, you were born to know this one, it grows as part of all of us!
Some example sentences were taken from Kanji Sonomama Rakubiki Jiten.